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Finding and Breaking down the Serial Number on a Thwaites Machine

By Alex Wise 1 month ago 53 Views No comments

When it comes to buying spare parts for your Thwaites machine, it's crucial to know that you have identified the correct machine. In some cases just knowing the model/mach number is enough to identify the correct part as there may not be any variation throughout the different models. However, in some case it can be difficult to identify the correct part when the machine has changed over time or when there are subtle changes between models.

The most accurate way to purchase spare parts for your machine is to go by the serial number. When you know the serial number it is more reliable and makes it faster for our team here at L&S to accurately pinpoint the component you need.

Serial numbers, in general, can be found in various places on different machines depending on the brand and model. The serial number can often give you further information about your machine, such as when it was manufactured or a particular element making it unique. For example, some engines include the size of the shaft in their serial number.

Thwaites are currently doing this for all of their MACH diggers, with each part of the serial number telling you different features that the machine has. For Thwaites, the serial number or VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) is often found on the side of the machine on the yellow covering.

These 4 characters of the Thwaites serial number or VIN (shown in the image below) are perhaps the most important, as these state the MACH number of the machine. This gives you the broadest identification of the machine. Please see below how this is presented.

The next characters of interest are the two digits shown below, which indicate the year of manufacture. Please see below:

After the year of issue, the serial number is followed by a two digit prefix number. This indicates your machine's parts manual issue, enabling you to be certain that the parts diagram you are looking at matches your machine. Please see below:

Finally this is followed by a set of five characters. This number is the actual serial number of this machine. This number is unique and specifically identifies your machines from other machines with the same MACH number. Please see below how this is presented:

There you have the complete Thwaites VIN Number and what it means when broken down. It's always important to note down your VIN Number, as these can often wear away or the badge could potentially break off. So keep this number safe, and be confident when ordering your spare parts.

10 Facts you may not Know About Makita

By Alex Wise 2 months ago 453 Views No comments

Makita are one of the biggest manufacturers of electronic power tools, and are one of the many brands we stock here at L&S. From their sleekly designed Disc Cutters to their impressively powerful drills, we stock thousands of spare parts for their machines.

However, when you're working with the machines, you may not think about the company and how they started out or know much about them at all. So we've put together a list of 10 facts that you may not have known about the Japanese company.

1. The name Makita came from the Founder, whose name was Mosaburo Makita.

2. Makita was founded back in 1915 but was originally called Makita Electric Works.

3. When they first started out the company simply started repairing lighting equipment, motors and transformers.

4. They were the first company in Japan to sell Electric Planers.

5. Their first big job involved exporting motors and electric generators to the Soviet Union.

6. However it was in 1959 when Makita started to manufacture their own electronic Power Tools.

7. They were the first company to create a drill with a nickel calcium battery, making it rechargable. The drill was called the 6010D which they released in 1978.

8. They also created the first air tools when they released the AN5000 pneumatic nailer and AC6001 air compressor.

9. Makita acquired the company Dolmar in 1991, which strengthened their position in the outdoor power tool industry.

10. They also released the first tool with a Lithium-Ion battery which featured on the TD130D Drill, which was released in 2005.

And a bonus fact!

- Makita have a manufacturing plant in Telford, not too far from us here at Brownhills, which has been running since 1991. Look out for it the next time you're driving around the area!

We have a wide range of Makita spares on our website including, disc cutters, chainsaws, angle grinders & drills!

Guide for NGK Spark Plug Numbering System

By Lauren Hodgkiss 3 months ago 717 Views No comments

NGK have been developing their spark plug technology since 1930 and are the leading manufacturer for spark plugs, that can be used for motorcycles, cars, horticulture and many other plant applications. NGK produces over 1000 different types of spark plug, ensuring they apply to even the most demanding manufacturers’ specifications.

NGK spark plugs have two codes that are associated with them. Firstly, there is the spark plug number which represents the specification of the spark plug. NGK spark plugs also have a NGK stock number. For example, the BPMR7A plug has a stock number of 4626. Both part codes can help you identify the correct part, but only one of them will give you information about the spark plug itself. NGK spark plug codes can be decoded to help identify the suitable replacement or equivalent for an application.

The first part of the part code denotes the shell, thread and pitch of the plug. The table above lists the most common or standard thread sizes. However, there may be more variations than shown here, that are specific to manufacturers’ applications.

The pitch is the measurement between a pair of thread peaks. There may be thread exceptions for different models / machines. The thread reach is the measurement from the plug base to the end of the thread.

The first part of the part number also indicates when a spark plug has a tapered seat. The seat is the part that is fitted into the cylinder head of the engine. The types of seat for spark plugs are tapered / conical (no gasket or washer, contact direct with the cylinder head) and flat / gasket (gasket or washer seals between the plug and cylinder head).

This first part of the part number also indicates the hexagonal nut size that is used to loose/fix the spark plug. These are shown in the table in imperial & metric.

For example, we will use the BPR6ES to identify plug specifications. We can now see that 'B’' in BPR6ES specifies that the shell is 14mm x 13/16” & has a pitch of 1.25mm.

Secondly, we can figure out the construction of the spark plug from the second part of the part number. This part can be more than one letter, if the spark plug has more of the listed attributes. We can now see that ‘PR’ in BPR6ES specifies that the plug is a Projected Insulator and Resistor type.

The third part of the part number, which is the number, identifies the intended heat range. This is shown in an extending scale. 2 being the hottest and 12 being the coldest. So again, in the case of BPR6ES, the ‘6’ indicates it is suitable for mid range heat.

After the number, the next letter or letters identify the reach of the spark plug. The reach is distance between the point at which it runs out of thread at the metal shell and the ground electrode at the end of the spark plug. So ‘E’ in BPR6ES tells us that it has a 19mm (¾”) reach.

Next, we can identify the firing end construction of the plug. The 'tip' or 'firing end' specifies the projection of the central electrode, providing better and more efficient combustion. There are four categories of tip / firing end, which are listed below:

Recessed – Firing end within the shell, protection for racing engines, good vibration resistance.

Non projected – More or less level firing end with the end of threaded shell. Relatively short tip, provides good vibration resistance and good thermal conduction from the electrode tip.

Projected – Centre electrode and insulator extend from threaded shell, often 1.5mm. The tip is more exposed which produces a spark closer to the centre of the combustion chamber.

Extra projected – Similar to projected spark plugs, however these can be anything from 2.5mm to 10mm or even longer. These are often designed for specific machine applications. These are not recommended as they may cause damage to machines if not the correct application.

The terminal is the part where the plug cap is connected to the plug. Here are different types of terminals that NGK spark plugs use:

Removable – These terminals can be used with or without a terminal nut to provide connection to the plug cap. These may often cause electrical issues as it may be loose and may damage the plug if is too tight too.

Solid / fixed / post terminal – This terminal will have a fixed terminal nut which cannot be removed. If you attempt to remove you will damage your spark plug.

Threaded terminal – An exposed terminal thread.

Special / Stud – Terminals that do not fall under the other categories will be a special type of plug and often apply to certain models, such as miniature models and specific NGK plug designs.

In the case of BPR6ES, the ‘S’ determines a Standard 2.5mm Copper Core C.E.

Finally, sometimes a spark plug will have another digit at the end of the part number. This specifies the size of the gap that the plug requires. For example, the NGK spark plug BKR6E-11 will have a gap of 1.1mm (.044”).

Below is an example of the specifications of a spark plug that have been decoded to tell us what specific features this spark plug may include.

​10 Interesting Facts about Yanmar

By Laura Bateman 4 months ago 353 Views No comments

Yanmar was originally founded as "Yamaoka Hatsudoki Kosakusho" (Translated as the "Yamaoka Engine Company").

Yamaoka Hatsudoki Kosakusho was founded in Osaka, Japan in 1912.

The company began to operate under the trademark of "Yanmar" in 1921. The name 'Yanmar' is a combination of the Yanma Dragonfly and “Yama” from the name of the company founder Magokichi Yamaoka. The company officially became "Yanmar Co., Ltd." in 2002.

Founder Magokichi Yamaoka is credited as having developed the world's first small diesel engine.

(Image Credit: yanmarmarine.com)

The company has it's own football team. It was originally called "Yanmar Diesel" and started as the company's team in 1957. The team is now named "Cerezo Osaka" and play in the J League in Japan.

Yanmar also bought the naming rights for Nagai Stadium and so it is now called Yanmar Stadium. This is where Cerezo Osaka play their home games.

(Image Credit: Yanmar.com)

The company have earned many accolades over the years such as the Deming Prize, The Medal with Blue Ribbon and the diesel gold medal by the German Inventors Association. Yanmar were also the first enterprise to earn a Marine Diesel Engine Emission Certification from the International Committee of the Lake Constance Switzerland.

The current Yanmar Brand logo was designed in 1993.

(Image Credit: Yanmar.com)

In July 2013, the company introduced the new “Flying Y” logo "as a symbol of its new identity, the Yanmar Group aims to become a front-running global brand in food production and harnessing power, soaring to heights that no one has yet seen."

(Image Credit: Yanmar.com)

The company have their very own museum in Japan, which opened in 2013 shortly after the company's centenary year. The museum is located in Nagahama, near the farming village where founder, Magokichi Yamaoka, was born.

(Image Credit: Yanmar.com)

To find out more about Yanmar. Please follow this link: https://www.yanmar.com/media/global/2016/history/1...

​Finding Serial Numbers on Honda Engines

By Alex Wise 5 months ago 1083 Views No comments

Finding Serial Numbers on Honda Engines

The serial number of a machine is a unique identifier that keeps track of machines and helps in finding replacement parts. In some cases they can also inform you of what year your machine was made.

It is a good idea to make a note of the serial number when you purchase a new machine or whilst the serial number is still legible. So that the information isn't lost if the markings become illegible or if you're not near the machine when ordering parts.

As a general rule, serial numbers they are printed in or attached to the main core the machine. Obviously it's not normally attached to peripheral parts as these are more likely to be damaged and removed. So with this in mind, for an engine, this means it is normally found somewhere on the crankcase. Here is a quick guide which may come in handy when you want to find a serial number on a specific Honda Engine model.

Honda Serial Number Format

A Honda serial number will always have a 4-5 letter prefix which is followed by 7 numbers giving you the complete identity of the engine.

Honda produce a wide range of different engine series and many of them have a different location for the serial number. To make it easier the guide below has been broken down into each series and points to where you can locate serial number for each model.

Honda GX Range

GX100 – Left-hand side of the recoil assembly, sitting underneath the air filter casing.

GX120 / GX160 / GX200 / GX240 / GX270 / GX340 / GX390 – Located on the left hand side of the machine (when looking at the shaft), underneath the fuel tank.

GX360 – This is located towards the back of the machine and is on the right side of the oil filter.

GX610 / GX620 / GX670 – To the right hand side of the recoil assembly/fan housing, inbetween the spark plug and oil drain bolt.

GX630 / GX660 / GX690 - Towards the bottom of the machine on the left hand side when facing the shaft.

Honda GXV Range

GXV160 – Underneath the recoil assembly on the left hand side of the oil filler.

GXV270 / GXV340 / GXV390 - Underneath the recoil assembly on the left hand side of the oil filler.

GXV610 / GXV620 / GXV670 – On the right hand side, when looking from above with the cylinders furthest away from you

Honda GP Range

GP160 / GP200 – On the left hand side of the machine, when facing the shaft, below the fuel tank.

Honda GCV Range

GCV135 / GCV160 – Underneath the recoil assembly on the opposite side of the fuel tank cap.

GCV520 / GCV530 – In between the two cylinders (with "OHV" casings) and sits underneath the air filter housing.

GC135 / GC160 – On the right left side of the machine when facing the shaft, on the same side as the oil filler.

Honda G Range

G100 / G150 / G200 – On the left hand side when looking at the shaft, near the oil drain plug.

It is never our intention to deliberately infringe the copyright of any other person or organisation. If you have any concerns then please contact us and we will investigate and take whatever action is necessary to rectify. No Copyright Intended. All rights belong to the owner of the photos. Credit to: http://www.honda-engines-eu.com/how-to-find-serial-number

10 Facts you may not know about Husqvarna

By Lauren Hodgkiss 5 months ago 1207 Views No comments

Husqvarna are one of the many brands that we stock here at L&S, with products ranging from Disc Cutters to Ride on Mowers. They are a well established brand for garden & forestry and industrial equipment. They continue to release new and inventive machines.

When working with the machines you don't really think of the history behind the brand. It's interesting to get an insight to where the company started and find out some trivia about the company.

So here's ten facts about Husqvarna you may not know.

1) The first plant that Husqvarna established was back in 1689, and was exclusively a weapons foundry creating rifles.

2) In 1970 Husqvarna were the first Swedish listed company to have a female board member.

3) Husqvarna produced the first ever solar powered robotic lawnmower which was released in 1995.

4) In 1872 Husqvarna began to manufacture sewing machines, which is far removed from what they are popular for now. The manufacturing of sewing machines was stopped in 1997.

5) As well as creating sewing machines, Husqvarna have also manufactured kitchen appliances including ovens/stoves.

6) The first plant was located in the waterfalls within Huskvarna, Sweden. That's Huskvarna with a 'K' not a 'Q

7) Husqvarna were responsible for creating the first chainsaw with an integrated anti-vibration system. This was achieved all the way back in 1969.

8) The Husqvarna group owns a number of brands including Husqvarna, Gardena, McCulloch, Poulan Pro, Weed Eater, Flymo, Zenoah and Diamant Boart.

9) In 1896 Husqvarna opened their first bicycle factory, this product line lasted until 1962 when the last bicycle was produced. They also manufactured motorbikes.

10) Husqvarna created the first ever remote controlled demolition robot in 2009.

Guide for Stihl Machine Labelling System

By Alex Wise 6 months ago 2486 Views No comments

Guide for Stihl Machine Labelling System

Stihl have a wide range of machines spanning many industries. Each machine can have numerous variations, so it is important to be able to find the correct model number & therefore find the correct parts for your machine.

The easiest way to find a spare part is to go by serial number. However, this isn't always possible if the number has been worn off or the information is missing. Understanding the variations within a model and the letters in the model name that relate to this, can help when identifying parts for your machine.

For example, the BG 56 & the BG 56C-E leaf blowers will have many differences in the recoil area because of the ErgoStart system, but will remain mostly unchanged elsewhere on the machine. Without looking at the parts diagram, you can work out that the BG 56 & BG 56-Z will have different exhausts as 'Z' indicates that the machine has a spark arrest muffler.

Please see below for an expanded key to the Stihl Model numbering conventions.

Quick Guide for Stihl Machine Labelling System

C-B = Quick Chain Tensioner

C-E = ErgoStart/Easy2Start

C-F = Electric Starter

C-M = Stihl M-Tronic

C-Q = Quick Stop Super / Quickstop Plus / Electrodynamic Coasting Break

i = STIHL Injection

K = Short Shaft (HL)

R = Loop Handle (FS), Cutting Blade (HS)

T = Top Handle (MS), Split Drive Tube (FS, FR) Trimming Blade (HS)

X = Lightweight Versions

-A = Electronic Water Control

-D = Catalytic Converter

-K = Long Shaft (FS)

-N = Low Compressions (MS), Low Noise (FS)

-R = Wrap-Around Handle (MS)

-V = Carburettor Heating

-W = Handle Heating

-Z = Spark Arrester Muffler

Breakdown for Stihl Machine Labelling System


For machines that end in 'C-B' this indicates that the chainsaw has a quick chain tensioner, so it's easier and quicker to tension the chain of the machine.


'C-E' at the end of machines indicate that it has the ErgoStart/Easy2Start system. This means that the recoil has a smoother pull action to it and is much more reliable when starting. The system is designed in such a way that as the recoil cord is pulled, the effort is more efficiently turned into movement. This means it is much easier to start and doesn't require such an excessive motion for the person starting it. This system has become common across many types of machine.


The machine has an electric starter and can be started by pushing a button located on the machine.


The machine has an engine management system, which electronically controls the ignition timing and fuel metering in various conditions, factoring in fuel quality and altitude.


The machine has a QuickStop Super brake chain brake, so it brakes as the hand leaves the rear handle. With the brake band tightening around the clutch drum quicker, the machine comes to a brake within a second.


The machine has a fuel delivery system which takes the fuel straight to the cylinder from an electronically controlled injector. The injector receives data from sensors regarding the temperature and pressure, giving it the information to keep the fuel pressure constant. This gives you a a better output of power.


For models that start with HL, “K” indicates that the machine has a shorter shaft, making it easier for the operator to handle.


'R' at the end of FS machines indicates that it has a looped handle, making it easier to work in smaller areas, like thinning between bushes.


'R' after HS model numbers indicates that the hedgetrimmer has a cutting blade that is designed specifically for a large volume of cutting, as the teeth have wider spacing and increased height.


For Chainsaws with model numbers starting 'MS', 'T' indicates that it has a top handle grip, making it easier to use and gives you more control over the chainsaw.

'T' at the end of an FS or FR Brushcutter indicates that the machine has a split drive tube.

'T' at the end of HS machines means that it has smaller tooth spacing and lower tooth height, making it easier to control and better for shaping.


The machine is a lightweight version making it easier to carry, hold and control.


'-A' indicates that the machine has an electronic water control system. You can adjust the water supply precisely with '+' and '-' buttons, improving dust suppression.


'-D' on machines indicates that it has a catalytic converter, which reduces pollutant components by afterburning.


'-K' on FS machines indicate that the brushcutters have a longer than normal shaft on them.


'-N' on MS chainsaws indicates that it has lower compression.


'-N' on FS Brushcutters means that the machine has been built to meet lower noise pollution levels.


'-R' as seen after MS models, indicates that the chainsaw has a wrap around handle, making it easier to control and hold.


The machine has carburettor heating to aid with operation in extreme cold weather environments.


The machine has handle heating, making it ideal for working in colder weather.


'-Z' indicates the machine has a Spark Arrestor Muffler, which prevents the emission of flammable debris.

Did you know?...

It's not often that you think where the names of machines come from and with Stihl, the naming convention can seem arbitrary. However, it's not, here are the German translations

MS= Motosäge = Chainsaw
FS= Freischneider = Line Trimmer
BG= Blasgerät = Handheld Blower
BR= Blasgerät Rückentragbar = Backpack Blower
TS= Trennshleiffer= Cut Off Machine

These Boots are Made for Walking (Well, Working In!)

By Lauren Hodgkiss 7 months ago 672 Views No comments

These boots are made for walking (well, working in!)

Earlier this month on social media, we introduced you to our exciting new range of Rock Fall boots & shoes.

The trusted brand Rock Fall is a second generation family business celebrating their 20 th year in manufacturing safety footwear.

Safety boots provide the vital protection your feet need. Whether you need Non-Metallic safety boots, Electric Hazard Protection safety boots, or just a pair of solid work boots, Rock Fall do it all. They have a boot for every industry, allowing you to work safely and comfortably at all times.

The Rock Fall safety boots have a wide array of safety features to suit different industries.

Features include:

  • 100% Non-Metallic Construction
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Water Repellent Upper
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • Heat Resistant Outsole to 300°C
  • Wide Fitting
  • Cold Insulation
  • Internal Digging Plate
  • Highest Level Slip Resistance - SRC Slip Rated
  • Class 3 Chainsaw Protection
  • Climbing Irons Compatible
  • Electrical Hazard
  • Enhanced Chemical Resistance
  • ESD Certified
  • Flame Resistant Leather
  • Flame Resistant Stitching
  • Foundry Boot Certified
  • HI Resistant Outsole to 150°C
  • Jet Wash Protection
  • Metatarsal Protection
  • Suitable for Vegans
  • Washable
  • Welding Boot Certified
  • Women's Fit

Industries include:

  • Construction
  • Engineering
  • Logistics
  • Quarry
  • Utilities
  • Foundry
  • Fabrication
  • Rail
  • Highways
  • Facility Manager
  • Security
  • Offshore
  • Emergency Services
  • Electrical
  • Low Temperature

The features, industries and technologies vary with each boot. Please see the individual description on the boots for their applicable features, industries and technologies.


  • 3M™ Thinsulate™ Insulation for footwear is thin, warm and lightweight, keeping active feet comfortable even in damp conditions. It provides lightweight warmth and comfort in cool and mildly cold conditions.
  • Boa® Lacing System - A world leading fastening mechanism. With instant, single-handed fine tuning as precise as 1mm, you can easily adjust for comfort and stability. Boa® gives you a secure fit with quick release no matter the conditions.
  • Climate Technology by Sympatex® - Consists of both a membrane and a hydrophobic 3D upper material which contains air pockets, ensuring the highest water resistance and advanced breathability. The 3D upper enables increased air circulation and ventilation through the rolling movement of the foot.
  • FORCE10® Advanced Scuff Cap Technology - Advanced scuff cap components designed using an exclusive form of solid TPU, have been heavily tested to withstand extreme abrasion and withstand harsh materials, such as limestone, concrete, and salt water.
  • FORCE10® Nitrile Rubber Outsoles - Developed using a special form of Nitrile Rubber, FORCE10® outsoles offer incredible abrasion and heat resistance and have been flex tested in conditions as low as –40°C. The 90° heel cup ensures the highest grip when climbing ladders or iron spokes. The self-cleaning stability tread pattern is tested to the highest SRC slip resistance standards.
  • Moisture-Tech by Sympatex® - Waterproof lining laminate to create an excellent micro climate in the shoe. During periods of strenuous physical activity, moisture is held in a hydrophilic membrane that speeds up the transition to water vapour & allows the shoe to breathe. This increases the comfort, keeps the foot dry and reduces odour.
  • R-ten™ Abrasion Resistant Sewing Thread (Exclusive to Rock Fall) is a long-lasting thread which enhances the life of a pair of safety boots. Conventional sewing threads on safety footwear suffer from exposure to alkalis such as Limestone/Concrete and also abrasion if the wearer is exposed to environments such as tarmac. It’s trusted in the harshest applications from Offshore Oil Rigs to Civil Engineering.
  • Ortholite® - Premium quality insocks which offers great comfort and anti-fatigue properties.
  • YKK Extreme Zips - Rock Fall UK use the toughest zips available designed for longevity in the harshest environments.

The boots come in a wide range of styles and colours to suit your working needs, available in a range of sizes.

For our full range of boots, click here.

Here are a selection of the boots in more detail:


Features include;

  • EN ISO 20345:2011 S3 WR SRC
  • 100% Non-Metallic Construction
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Waterproof Membrane
  • Wide Fitting
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • Highest Level Slip Resistance

Orlando Honey

Features include;

  • EN ISO 20345:2011 S3 SRA
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Water Repellent Upper
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • Heat Resistant Outsole to 300°C


Features include;

  • EN ISO 20345:2011 S1P SRC
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • 100% Non-Metallic Construction


Features include;

  • EN ISO 20345:2011 S3 HI CI HRO SRC
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • 100% Non-Metallic Construction
  • Water Repellent Upper
  • Cold Insulation
  • Highest Level Slip Resistance
  • Internal Digging Plate
  • Heat Resistant Outsole to 300°C

Flint Black

Features include;

  • EN ISO 20345:2011 S3 SRC
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • 100% Non-Metallic Construction
  • Water Repellent Upper

Flint Brown

Features include;

  • EN ISO 20345:2011 S3 SRC
  • Protective Toecap
  • Protective Midsole
  • Anti-Static
  • Oil Resistant
  • 100% Non-Metallic Construction
  • Water Repellent Upper

For our full range of boots, click here.

Climbing Snowden || Raising Money for Autism Aware

By Haliena Brown 8 months ago 534 Views No comments

If you've called our sales team you may have spoken to Rhiannon. We are proud to share that last weekend Rhiannon swapped her L&S uniform for a pair of walking boots and warm clothes in aid of the amazing charity, Autism Aware .

The Mountain-Madness team climbed mount Snowden, 28,000 steps in the rain, wind and fog! This huge achievement was part of a drive to raise awareness and money for a charity that really do make magic happen. Rhiannons team have raised a whopping £1,313, with the event in total raising over £11,000 for such a fantastic cause!

Autism Aware is a growing charity founded to help provide support, information and advice to families who are affected by autism. AAUK raises funds that are used to purchase specialist equipment for schools & groups that educate and support people with autism. It really is an incredible charity that is working to erase the stigma around autism.

Below is the justgiving page from the mountain climb if you want to read more about the cause and the experience then please do head over there: https://www.justgiving.com/fundraising/mountain-ma...

European Travel || What you Need to Know.

By Haliena Brown 8 months ago 1653 Views No comments

With the season of summer holidays and working abroad upon us it's time to get ready for driving across Europe. There are rules and regulations that could lead to hefty fines or even points on your licence. If you are planning a trip, or you will be working abroad we've prepared a handy checklist of things you might need.

Things you will need (everything below can be found in our new European Travel Section)

GB Sticker

You have to display a GB sign, if you fail to do so you could be fined.

Reflective Jackets

When driving within Europe you are required to carry reflective jackets for all passengers including the driver. These are to be used as soon as you leave your vehicle during a breakdown or emergency. If you are hiring a car it is not guaranteed that these will come included.


It is a legal requirement to not dazzle oncoming drivers. Before driving in Europe you must adjust your headlamps for driving on the right hand side of the road. To do this you can use headlamp converters, found here.

Warning Triangle

Warning triangles are compulsory in most countries. They should be used during an emergency or breakdown.

First Aid Kit

First Aid Kits are compulsory when driving in Austria, France and Germany.


You should carry a breathalyser with you when driving through Europe. It is compulsory when driving in France.

Replacement Bulbs

It is also recommended that you carry a universal bulb kit in case of an emergency.

We also have full travel kits that can sit compact in your boot or van. To view our full section please click here.

EU Rules

You must have a full, valid licence and national insurance number, and you should carry your licence at all times. You must also have proof of vehicle insurance, proof of ID, travel insurance documents & European breakdown cover. It is also advised that you check your vehicle tax and MOT are valid and up-to-date.

If you are working / driving abroad you must remember that you can not drive for more than 9 hours in a day (10 hours twice a week), 56 hours in a week, and no more than 90 hours in any 2 consecutive weeks. To view the full rules on resting between driving abroad please visit .gov where you will find all the information you need.